The new Pope has thrown his hat into the ring of domestic Italian policy, calling for Italians to boycott a referendum on existing fertility laws. It was only two years ago that Italy passed these restrictive laws, which mandate that no sperm or egg donation be permitted, and that only three embryos can be created at a time. No screening is allowed, and all three embryos must be implanted at once. Apparently, these laws are hampering efforts to conceive, and was decried by scientists. Also, apparently, this 2003 law declares that embryos have the same rights as human beings, which is interesting, considering that European law does not agree.